mobile biometrics

Of late, growing computing power and accurately crafted algorithms have made it possible to automate detection of patterns of similarity in many different things—such as fingerprints. Fingerprint details are supposed to be unique to each person (and each finger). They are one of themost mature biometric technologies used in forensics. Positive identification of individuals is an essential societal requirement and it’s important to have electronic verification of a person’s identity. Biometric solutions provide secure, effective and efficient identification of individuals in a wide array of applications and contexts especially in law enforcement.

Enabled by the science of biometrics, AFIS (Automated fingerprint identification system) utilizes digital imaging to obtain, store, and analyze fingerprint data .Although the AFIS originated almost 30 years ago, the system was cost prohibitive for most law enforcement agencies. As the law enforcement community began to recognize the system’s potential, the industry responded with cutting-edge yet cost-effective technology. Law enforcement agencies use biometric AFIS solutions to help identify and process individuals quickly and accurately. AFIS is becoming an increasingly important tool in identifying suspects and can help greatly accelerate the investigative process. This technology is continually evolving and offers promising potential to the law-enforcement and identification community.

The crime investigation central agency holds millions of records of wanted persons, sex offenders and known or suspected terrorists. However, it is estimated that as many as 40% of people questioned during a police encounter lack proper identification. Effective person identification is becoming increasingly central to law enforcement. The police are interested in whether they have already met a suspect before and what they know about them, such as whether they have a criminal record, whether they are armed and violent etc.
Sometimes expert follow-up inspection is required in order to identify a suspect and they have to be taken to the crime branch for retrieving their fingerprints. This puts the officer and his team at risk in case the suspect is a criminal. The more time the officer is with the suspect, the higher the risk. This calls for operational mobility where the AFIS system can be brought at the place of arrest and the suspect can be confirmed as guilty or not then and there itself. The greatest advantage of this would be that it would save the risk laden visit to the crime branch for retrieving fingerprints.

AFIS technology is mature and has been used in law-enforcement domains for several years. Therefore, most recent activity in this area has focused on improving ease, accuracy and security of fingerprint capture. Developments in sensing technology have resulted in several ink-less (often referred to as live scan) fingerprint scanners. Compared to the ink and paper-based methods traditionally practiced in law-enforcement environments, this technology is easy to use.Mobile units that provide fingerprint capture capabilities at a remote site are seen to be the area of strongest growth

Our XYZ solution combines biometrics with wireless technology to produce mobile fingerprinting identification and verification. Providing remote access allows officers in the field to identify individuals and determine if they have outstanding warrants. Potentially dangerous situations can then be managed more effectively to ensure officer safety.

Uniting mobile handhelds powered by custom applications with AFIS technology, we offer innovative solutions for law enforcement agencies on all levels. Through the use of these handheld AFIS devices, which are about the size of a PDA, identification is obtained on the spot, saving time that would be spent bringing the subject to the precinct. The solution enables its customers to capture fingerprint images electronically, encode fingerprints into searchable files and accurately compare a set of fingerprints to maintain a database containing potentially millions of fingerprints in seconds.

This advanced technology provides search options for both identification and verification purposes. With the identification method, fingerprints are searched against local and/or remote databases that contain thousands of records. The verification method matches a specific print against another print to confirm identity. By giving the officers quick access to a subjects’ identity, and with the added databases returning flags and warrants, the solution provides more protection (via quicker information) for the officers.

With its ability to process multiple people at once, mobile AFIS is also extremely useful in curtailing gang activity. An additional feature would be performing real-time comparisons using a database contained within the mobile device

The subject’s finger is placed on the platen end of the unit and digital image of the fingerprint is created. These devices employ Optical scanning technology that utilizes a charge coupled device (CCD), which creates a visual impression of a fingerprint through patterns of reflected light. Due in part to its cost-effectiveness, the optical scanner is the most widely used method in law enforcement.

The solution quickly captures two of the person’s fingerprints and immediately searches them against the state’s criminal fingerprint databases and the central database. Within minutes the device vibrates to indicate that search results are available, and whether or not the individual can be safely and confidently cited and released.
At traffic stops, mobile devices allow officers to quickly determine if a person detained, has outstanding wants or warrants – even if the person doesn’t have ID or gives a false name

In the past few decades, advances in biometric identity technology have led to rapid replacement of the traditional inked fingerprint card that often took months to process. By affording instant identification, this technology has proven itself to be an effective tool in both border control and crime reduction.

The bottom line is that mobile AFIS protects officers in the field, expedites subject identification during time-critical encounters, and keeps criminals off the street.